Biblical Character Series: Phinehas – Zeal for GOD

Phinehas is a significant figure in the Old Testament of the Bible. He was a grandson of Aaron and son of Eleazar, the High Priests of Israel (Exodus 6:25).

Most notably, the Book of Numbers records Phinehas' zealous action. He killed an Israelite man and a Midianite woman who were together amidst the congregation, in the sight of Moses and the whole congregation of the people of Israel. They were weeping at the entrance of the tent of meeting (Numbers 25:6). He acted in response to an ongoing plague that God had sent due to Israel's unfaithfulness - their intermarriage and subsequent worship of Moabite gods (Numbers 25:1-3). After Phinehas' act, the plague stopped (Numbers 25:8). This action of zealousness for the Lord's commandments resulted in God's promise of a perpetual priesthood for Phinehas and his descendants (Numbers 25:10-13). He is also mentioned in the Psalms as an example of zeal for God (Psalm 106:30-31).

Bible references related to Phinehas

Lineage and Family:

  • Exodus 6:25
  • 1 Chronicles 6:4-5, 50

Zealous Act and Covenant of Peace:

  • Numbers 25:7-15
  • Psalm 106:30-31

War and Religious Duties:

  • Numbers 31:6
  • Numbers 31:8

Disputes and Decision Making:

  • Joshua 22:13-32

Descendants and Their Duties:

  • Judges 20:28
  • 1 Chronicles 9:20
  • Ezra 8:2
  • Ezra 8:33

Miscellaneous Mentions:

  • Leviticus 10:4 (This verse speaks about Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Uzziel, Aaron's uncle. They are asked to carry Nadab and Abihu, Phinehas' relatives, out of the camp. However, Phinehas is not mentioned by name here.)


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